In this article, we will discuss how to find the sum of natural numbers using recursion in JavaScript. Recursion is one of the most important concepts in programming, which refers to a function that calls itself repeatedly until a specific condition is met. 

What is Recursion?

Recursion is a programming technique that involves breaking down a problem into smaller sub-problems, solving each sub-problem, and then combining the solutions to obtain the final solution to the original problem. This approach is useful when dealing with issues that can be decomposed into more minor, similar situations.

What are Natural Numbers?

Natural numbers are positive integers that start from 1 and continue indefinitely. In mathematical terms, they are the counting numbers and can be represented by the set N = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, …}.

How to Find the Sum of Natural Numbers Using Recursion in JavaScript?

To find the sum of natural numbers using recursion in JavaScript, we can create a function that takes a single argument, the number of terms in the aggregate. The function will then call itself repeatedly until the number of terms in the sum is 0. Each time the function is called, it will add the current value of the terms to the aggregate and decrement the number of words by 1.

					function sumOfNaturalNumbers(n) {
  if (n === 0) {
    return 0;
  return n + sumOfNaturalNumbers(n-1);


In this example, the sumOfNaturalNumbers function takes a single argument, n, representing the number of terms in the sum. If n is equal to 0, the function returns 0. If n is not equal to 0, the process adds n to the result by calling itself with n-1 as the argument, and returns the result.

Benefits of Using Recursion in JavaScript

  • Simplicity: Recursion provides a simple and elegant way to solve complex problems.
  • Modularity: Recursion allows us to break down a complex problem into smaller, more manageable sub-problems.
  • Reusability: Recursive functions can be easily reused, which makes them ideal for solving similar problems.
  • Efficiency: Recursive algorithms can be highly efficient, especially for problems that can be solved by dividing them into smaller sub-problems.

Recursion is a powerful technique for solving complex problems in JavaScript. By breaking down a problem into smaller sub-problems and cracking each sub-problem, recursion allows us to find simple, elegant, and efficient solutions. For example, we can easily find the sum of natural numbers in JavaScript using recursion.

Thanks for reading. Happy coding!