PostgreSQL is an open-source, object-relational database management system (DBMS) renowned for its advanced functionality, extensibility, and power. This tutorial delves deep into one of its crucial operations, the PostgreSQL UPDATE JOIN. Understanding this operation can significantly boost your proficiency with PostgreSQL, whether you’re a database administrator, a software developer, or an IT professional.

What is PostgreSQL UPDATE JOIN?

The UPDATE JOIN operation in PostgreSQL lets you modify data in a specific table based on values in another table. It’s a formidable tool in maintaining the integrity and relevance of your database information, especially when handling large datasets with interrelated entries.

Setting the Stage: The Syntax

Before we dive into examples, let’s understand the basic syntax of an UPDATE JOIN operation:

					UPDATE table1 
SET table1.column1 = table2.column2
FROM table2
WHERE table1.column3 = table2.column4;


In this syntax:

  • table1 and table2 represent the names of the tables involved in the operation.
  • column1 is the column in table1 that we aim to update.
  • column2 in table2 holds the new values.
  • The WHERE clause establishes the condition for matching rows across both tables.

Understanding PostgreSQL UPDATE JOIN Through Examples

Let’s explore some practical examples to understand the PostgreSQL UPDATE JOIN operation in a more hands-on way.

Example 1: Basic UPDATE JOIN

Consider the following two tables, orders and customers:

					CREATE TABLE orders (
    order_id int,
    customer_id int,
    product_name varchar,
    quantity int

CREATE TABLE customers (
    customer_id int,
    customer_name varchar,
    email varchar


If you need to update the orders table by adding customer emails to each order, you would use the UPDATE JOIN operation as follows:

					UPDATE orders
SET email =
FROM customers
WHERE orders.customer_id = customers.customer_id;


This operation fetches the customer’s email from the customers table and adds it to the matching order in the orders table, based on the customer_id.

Example 2: UPDATE JOIN with Multiple Conditions

The UPDATE JOIN operation also supports multiple conditions. Let’s extend our previous example and assume we want to update the orders table only when the quantity of the product ordered is more than 5.

					UPDATE orders
SET email =
FROM customers
WHERE orders.customer_id = customers.customer_id AND orders.quantity > 5;


This operation will update the email in the orders table only for customers who have ordered a quantity greater than 5.

Wrap up

Mastering the UPDATE JOIN operation in PostgreSQL opens up powerful possibilities for maintaining and updating your databases. With its ability to cross-reference and update data across multiple tables, it’s an indispensable tool for anyone working with PostgreSQL.

Remember, practice is crucial when dealing with SQL operations. Therefore, apply these examples to your datasets and tweak the queries to familiarize yourself with different scenarios and conditions.

Check how to install PostgreSQL:

Thanks for reading. Happy coding!